Maida Smiles (W. London)

Tel: 020 3974 1777

28 Jul

Bleeding gums: What causes them and what to do.


If you ever notice some bleeding while you are brushing your teeth, you need to visit your dentist.

Bleeding gums can be a sign that you have or may be prone to developing gum disease. Even a small amount of blood should not be ignored. Your dentist will be able to find the cause of your bleeding gums and will be able to treat you accordingly. It is better to spot and treat bleeding gums as early as you see them.

When you next brush your teeth, spend some time looking at your gums as well as your teeth; they’re just as important! Healthy gums should be firm and pink and, most importantly, should not bleed when you floss, brush, or touch them.

What causes bleeding gums?

Bleeding gums are often caused by plaque buildup on the gum line. If plaque is not removed, it will harden into tartar. Over time, this will lead to inflamed, swollen gums or gingivitis.

If you have gingivitis, your gums may become irritated, swollen, and red. They may begin to bleed most when you brush your teeth.

As well as poor oral hygiene, several causes can increase your risk of developing bleeding gums and further oral issues. Other causes of bleeding gums include:

  • Any bleeding disorders
  • Brushing too hard
  • Improper flossing
  • Infection of either the tooth or the gum
  • Hormonal changes during pregnancy

Visiting your dentist immediately when you notice any signs of bleeding will help them treat what is causing your gums to bleed.

What is gum disease?

Although the term gum disease sounds scary, it is very common. It is a condition in which the gums become sore, infected, or swollen. As common as it may be, you do, however, need to do all you can to avoid getting it. 

Unfortunately, gum disease often goes undetected as there aren’t always obvious, painful signs that you will be noticed with it. This is why it is important to attend your regular dental checkups; you may have gum disease and not even know it.

Prevention is better than cure 

You can treat mild cases of gum disease by attending regular check-ups with your dentist and maintaining recommended oral hygiene routines. These include flossing once a day and brushing twice a day for two minutes each time. As gum disease isn’t always linked to painful symptoms, you should always be vigilant about checking your own mouth regularly.

We recommend booking an appointment with a dental hygienist at least every six months. They will remove any hardened plaque that can cause bleeding gums and give you great tips on how to clean your teeth properly to prevent gum disease.