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17 Sep

The 9 most common dental problems fixed

Today we will discuss the 9 most common dental problems we see in our patients during their regular check ups.  

1.Break Down of Tooth Enamel 

Although the saliva in our mouth works constantly to protect our teeth, some bacteria found in plaque can change food starches into acids. When this happens, the acids in plaque begin to eat away the healthy minerals in the tooth enamel, which causes it to wear down. Over time, this creates small pits in the enamel, which continue to grow in size. If you allow a decaying tooth to deteriorate further, it could develop into painful infections or abscesses. Timely repair procedures are essential, which can take the form of fillings, dental crowns, root canals, or tooth extractions. 

Enamel erosion can also be caused by the following: 

– Having too many soft drinks, which have lots of phosphoric and citric acids. Bacteria in your mouth thrive on sugar, and they make acids that can eat away at enamel. It gets worse if you don’t clean your teeth regularly. 

– Fruit drinks. Some acids in fruit drinks are more erosive than battery acid. 

– Sour foods or candies. They also have a lot of acid. 

– Dry mouth or low saliva flow (xerostomia). Saliva helps prevent tooth decay by washing away bacteria and leftover food in your mouth. It also brings acids to an acceptable level. 

A diet high in sugar and starches 

– Acid reflux disease or heartburn. These bring stomach acids up to the mouth, where they can damage enamel. 

– Gastrointestinal problems 

– Medications (antihistamines, aspirin, vitamin C) 

– Alcohol misuse or binge drinking. People with these conditions vomit often, which is hard on teeth. 

– Genetics (inherited conditions) 

– Things in your environment (friction, wear and tear, stress, and corrosion) 

2. Root Canal Infections  

When a decay is left untreated for too long, bacteria invade the soft pulp material inside our teeth. This is the area within the centre of the tooth, which contains nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue. The nerve in each tooth is also the ‘root’. When the pulp becomes infected, patients begin to feel intense pain every time they bite or chew.  

A root canal treatment can be performed by a dentist or an endodontist. If you are experiencing any prolonged sensitivity or swelling, you can book your appointment with our experienced endodontist Dr.Vinay Shah by clicking here.  

3. Dentin Hypersensitivity  

Sensitivity is what we call the sharp pain arising when you expose your dentin surfaces to hot, cold or chemical substances. This can cause significant inconvenience to a person’s everyday life, when something like eating or drinking can lead to irritation.  

4. Chronic bad breath 

Root Canal infections are usually accompanied by chronic bad breath. If despite brushing, flossing and using a mouthwash there is still an unpleasant odor, you are probably suffering from an infection. The bacteria responsible for most tooth infections gives off a bad smell, causing the bad breath and bitter taste in your mouth.  

5. Gingivitis  

Periodontal diseases are what we call the infections in the soft tissue surrounding your teeth. Some of the main symptoms include red and sore gums, accompanied by regular bleeding. Our periodontal specialist will carry out a routine examination and diagnose the type of gum disease you may be suffering from. Together, we will put together a comprehensive treatment plan options depending on the stage of your gum disease. 

6. Tooth Discoloration 

Tooth discoloration is another very common dental problem we hear loads about. It is important to remember that no one’s teeth stay perfectly white and our teeth can become duller as we age. There can be both extrinsic and intrinsic causes of tooth discoloration:  

– Food and drink such as coffee, tea, wine, cola, tobacco and certain fruits and vegetables e.g. apples and potatoes 

– Smoking or chewing tobacco 

– Poor dental hygiene that results in the accumulation of stain-causing particles 

– Exposure to too much fluoride during childhood 

– Chipped teeth which can cause discoloration due to nerve or enamel damage 

– Medication such as tetracycline and doxycycline antibiotics, some antihistamines, antipsychotics and antihypertensives 

– Several diseases such can affect the colour of the enamel or dentin. In addition, treatment such as chemotherapy can also cause discoloration 

If you wish to brighten your smile in a day, don’t miss out on our monthly offer of 20% OFF Philips Zoom Professional Teeth Whitening System. Get in touch with us via phone or email and request upon booking! 

7. Malocclusion  

Misaligned teeth are another prevalent dental problem. In more severe cases, they can cause alterations in facial features and issues with speech and chewing. Maida Smiles Clinic offers a number of solutions for patients suffering from crooked or misaligned teeth. Our orthodontic specialists work with the latest braces and Invisalign techniques on the market and have over 10 years of experience straightening smiles.  

 8.Oral Cavity Cancer  

Most oral cancers begin as small lumps, which are usually pink and positioned inside the mouth. Our clinic’s goal is to prevent oral cancer, rather than look for the cure, which is why we strongly encourage you to seek professional help if you are struggling to quit bad oral health habits.  

9. Tooth Loss 

Some of the aforementioned dental problems can lead to tooth loss, including tooth decay, root canal infections or periodontal diseases. In order to maintain good levels of jaw support, be able to chew food properly and ensure stability of the rest of your teeth – it is absolutely necessary that a missing tooth is replaced. Call us today and request a consultation with our implant specialist Dr.Pedro Gutierres, who will help you pick the best tooth replacement option for your needs and lifestyle.