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Orthodontics at a Glance

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Less likely to develop gum problems and decay
Predictable results
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Orthodontic appliances

Orthodontic appliances have the function of correcting the position of teeth for aesthetic and health purposes. There are several types of orthodontic appliances, including fixed and removable, as well as transparent aligners. Each of them is indicated for a different case, according to the patient’s needs.

The indications are made by a professional specialized in orthodontics, which is the study of moving teeth to maximize functions and aesthetics. This is because not all teeth erupt in the same way, angle and position, which can result in deep, crossed, misaligned bites and even gaps between the teeth.

Why is it important to align your teeth?

Many people seek a perfect and aligned smile. However, more than a matter of aesthetics, dental treatment is important for health in general.

This is because teeth that are born or develop in inadequate positions can generate difficulties to bite, causing disharmony in chewing, breathing and speech, as well as back problems and headaches.


What does the alignment of the teeth have to do with correct chewing?

The alignment of the teeth helps the good habit of chewing with a closed mouth. When you chew with your mouth open very often, you certainly swallow more air and the stomach produces excess hydrochloric acid, which can cause gastritis and ulcers. 

Similarly, if you have misaligned teeth, there is no correct fitting during chewing, which can cause, in the long run, bite problems that frequently generate dysfunctions in the temporomandibular joint, which is that joint close to the ear responsible for the movements of the mouth.

Consequently, the temporomandibular joint, with the bones of the skull, will exert pressure on the cervical spine, which already receives pressure in our daily life, due to bad postures in performing our work. So, it’s important to preserve it while we feed.


How to treat misaligned teeth?

The evaluation should be made by a dentist specialized in orthodontics, who has specific oral rehabilitation training in this area.

It is this professional who will indicate the appropriate treatment for your case, seeking to establish the correct bite and eliminate the problems related to temporomandibular joint and associated pains.

At the Maida Smiles Dental Clinic, we offer different types of orthodontic appliances.

What can orthodontics do for you?

  • Get straighter, longer-lasting teeth
  • Less likely to develop gum and caries problems
  • Predictable results
  • Use of transparent devices
  • Invisalign Technology

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Many people find braces are easier to manage because they do not need to be removed when eating or drinking. This is a better option for patients who are less inclined to follow the routine of removing and reinstalling Invisalign aligners after each meal.

Orthodontic appliances are recommended for patients of all ages. Contrary to what many people may think, there is no limit to starting treatment, as long as the oral condition is favorable and there is no bone loss. However, it is important to mention that the younger the patient, the better. This is because bone and dental formations are still in progress and, consequently, can be more easily altered.

What is the best type of orthodontic appliance?

When it comes to correcting a misaligned smile, patients are usually divided between the two popular options: orthodontic appliance and Invisalign.

While it is difficult to determine the best option before your query, both come with their own set of benefits.

Deciding which is best for you will depend on several factors.


Transparent aligners or fixed appliances?

Aligners are removable lab-made plates that promote tooth movement. They are transparent, therefore more aesthetic and individual, tailored for each patient. Orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances includes brackets glued to teeth, arches for tooth movement, elastic bands that attach the arch to brackets and other accessories such as buttons, tubes and bands.


Which orthodontic treatment is the fastest?

The use of aligners is usually faster, as they are scheduled for change every 15 days, coordinated by software that shows each stage of treatment and the final result, even before treatment begins. 

The disadvantage is that they are removable and the dedication of the patient is essential to ensure the success of the treatment.

Advantages and disadvantages of appliances and aligners

  • Aligners are more discreet
  • Aligners offer more comfort for the patient
  • Aligners facilitate hygiene and brushing as they are removable
  • Braces have brackets and wires used for orthodontic treatment and can injure or injure the mouth, causing thrush and bleeding
  • Braces require more attention in relation to oral hygiene
  • Items such as orthodontic and interdental brushes can be of great help for oral hygiene of those who use fixed appliances

Invisalign: the future of orthodontics

The appliances are traditionally made of metal and fixed on the outside of the teeth. Our clinic is equipped with a variety of other options, including ceramic and tongue appliances (behind teeth) to meet a variety of patient demands.

A constant pressure is applied by the bracket and wire system to gradually move the teeth to their defined position. At the beginning of the 21st century, the orthodontic appliance seemed to be the only option for those who need to straighten and fix their teeth. However, the launch of Invisalign, just before 2.000, transformed the entire industry.

Founded in 1997, the cultural phenomenon triggered by this new treatment option began when two Stanford students with no previous experience in orthodontics created the first metal-free and effective alternative.

How does Invisalign work?

An Invisalign treatment uses transparent plastic aligners. Aligners are custom made for each patient, using a 3D scan of their mouth. The aligners are then produced to gradually move the teeth to the correct position.

This innovative and technically advanced alignment system consists of almost invisible transparent trays.

These removable, fully customized trays, or aligners, are meticulously designed from a highly elastic, transparent and clinically tested material for the best style, discretion, motion control and comfort throughout the treatment.

After an initial digital scan or dental impression of the current positions of the teeth, a digital image of the desired end result is generated. Together, they form the basis for the design of the aligners, which are changed every 1-2 weeks, gradually straightening their teeth and transforming their smile.

Benefits at the end of dental treatment:

  • Aesthetic gains, with teeth well positioned and aligned
  • Favored hygiene
  • Effective chewing = better swallowing = improved digestion
  • Prevention of occlusal problems
  • Better diction and speech in general
  • Better breathing

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Frequent Questions


No, orthodontic treatment does not hurt, although you may experience some temporary discomfort at specific stages of treatment. This usually occurs when you press the screw-ups or receive the next set of aligners. This discomfort lasts about 2 days and can be easily treated with over-the-counter painkillers such as Paracetamol if necessary.


Yes, at the Maida Smiles Clinic we say the sooner the better. Early diagnosis allows our orthodontists to identify potential problems and plan for easier and faster orthodontic treatments. UK health guidelines recommend that all children take an orthodontic assessment between the ages of 7 and 11, while their teeth and jaws are still developing. This can result in preliminary treatment to avoid problems with misaligned teeth later, but most often allows the child and parents, as well as the orthodontist, to prepare for possible orthodontic appliance treatment if necessary.

Our Team

Stay up to date

Meet Dr. Inês Do Carmo

Dr. Inês has been taking care of children’s oral health care in the heart of London since 2018.


Meet Dr. Shankar Bala

Dr. Shankar found himself passionate towards orthodontics, specialty he attends here at Maida Smiles.


Meet Dr. Debora Pardo Gutierrez

She is certified in Invisalign, the Lingual System, Self-Ligating Braces, DatSteel Anchorage, Advanced Toxins, and Fillers.


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